Repotting plants is an easy task that is required from
time to time to keep up the health of the plant. Some plants
need to be repotted every year, most often in the Spring as new
growth starts. Re-potting may also be done in the Fall. Other
slower growing plants may require repotting maybe every other year.
Always research your plants needs, and how it grows in order
to provide the best care. Also, I recommend labeling all
plants, with their name, and the date you repotted.
*Repot only as needed during spring and fall while the
plant is actively growing.
*Do not repot sick or dormant plants, or those beginning to flower.
SIGNS THAT YOUR PLANT NEEDS TO BE REPOTTED:
Stunted foliage, smaller leaf growth, plants wilting between watering,
lower leaves are yellow, roots appear at the soils surface or
growing through the drainage holes; or if the plant requires
You have several choices when you go to a garden center
for soil. These days you can buy a potting soil complete with
water absorbing crystals and slow release plant food! I prefer
this mix myself. Just make sure that the plant food included in
the mix is appropriate for the plants you are re-potting.
*Clay and unglazed ceramic pots allow the plant's roots
to breath, but also lose their moisture more quickly than plastic
pots, which are not porous. For plants that need to dry out between
watering, like cactus and other succulents, a clay pot would be a
*Plastic and glazed ceramic pots hold moisture longer and are
preferred for plants that need a lot of water and like even
moisture, such as miniature roses. They should have a drainage
hole or a layer of rock or pebbles in the bottom of the pot to
hold the extra water that is unable to drain. Plastic pots are
easy to sterilize and tend to accumulate fewer salts.
All used clay or plastic pots should be washed to
remove soluble salts and sterilized by immersing in a solution
of 1 part liquid bleach to 9 parts water. Rinse well with hot
water. Re-using unwashed pots can spread bacteria and fungal
diseases to your newly potted plants.
RE-POT YOUR PLANT:
1.Remove the plant from its pot. If the roots are too tight
to loosen, score the root ball with a knife to loosen them.
2.Select a pot that is 1 or 2 inches larger in diameter than
the current pot. You can place a small piece of broken clay
pot or a coffee filter over the drainage hole to prevent soil
from washing out.
3.Add enough dry potting mix in the bottom of the pot so that
the top of the root ball is within 1 inch of the container top.
Do not add soil above the original level on the root ball. Fill
around the root ball with mix. Do not pack the soil to firm or
settle it; gently press the soil with your fingers.
4.Water well so excess water drains out of the pot. Repeat
again –That’s it!
*For plants in large containers that are nearly impossible
to re-pot, just remove the top 3 inches of soil and replace
this with fresh mix every other year or so. This is called topdressing.